Dropping out of school is a serious
Researchers and government officials
largely attribute the phenomenon to the ignorance of poor
parents who do not realise the importance of education. Some parents, for
example, withdraw their children from school due to the competing demands for
household income which often push children to work. Drop-out rates are higher
among children of illiterate parents. These rates can be reduced if we sensitise
parents about the importance of sending their children to school. In 2006,
The initiative is
considered a logical one because it will get children who have dropped out
back into the school system, and it will act as a preventive measure because
it raises students awareness to the negative consequences of dropping out.
The initiative was tested last year in a few regions. Fatima Lharti, a twelve-year-old schoolgirl from Tangiers, says
she managed to stop approximately one dozen children from dropping out and
persuaded a number of others who had already dropped out to come back to
school. "The most difficult part of the work is convincing parents."
However, "when they hear children the same age as their
own talking about the consequences of taking their children out of school,
most of them come around within a few minutes,"
Samir El Garoumi missed a year of school to work for his family. He is now back in school and has struck a healthy balance between work and studies. In the morning, he goes to school and in the evening, he helps his father in his workshop. This year, he is taking part in the initiative to make a list of children who are not in school. He also advises parents in his family circle to allow their children to finish their education.
(Adapted from : www.magharevia.com)
I- COMPREHENSION 15 points
(BASE YOUR ANSWERS ON THE TEXT)
A/ CHOOSE THE RICHT ANSWER FROM THE LIST GIVEN (
TICK (√) THE RIGHT ANSWER
The test is taken from
B/ ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:
How many students drop out
of primary school in
2. Why do poor parents withdraw their children from school?
3. How can drop-out rates be reduced?
C/ ARE THESE SENTENCE TRUE
OR FALSE? JUSTIFY:
1. The programme encourages parents to make lists of children who have dropped out of school.
2. Fatima Lharti convinced nearly one dozen children to stay at school.
3. Samir studies and helps his father as well ..
D/ COMOLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES:
1. As a preventive measure, the initiative aims at ...
2. Fatima Lharti found it difficult to ..
E/ FIND IN THE TEXT WORDS THAT MEAN ALMOST THE SAME
1. Minimize (parag1):
2. Money we get from work or investment (parag2):
3. Participating (parag 4): .
F/ WHAT DO THE UBDERLINED WORDS OR EXPRESSIONS IN
THE TEXT REFER TO?
2. they :
3. he : .
II- LANGUAGE 15 points
A/ PUT THE VERBS BERWEEN BRACKETS IN THE CORRECT
Najib Sidqi (get) .his degree in marketing before he started work at the bank. In 2007, he (conduct) .a piece of research on developing customer services. Now, he (be) ..the manager of a bank agency.
B/ REWRITE YJE FOLLOWING SENTENCES AS SUGGESTED:
1. The government launched an educational programme in 2006.
An educational programme ..
2. "The film has attracted a lot of viewers," the film director said.
The film director said that ..
2. Saida left school at an early age.
The teacher wishes ..
C/ GIVE THE CORRECT FORM OF THE WORDS BETWEEN
Reducing the rates of
3. Many NGOs contribute to the (develop) ______________ of citizenship values.
D/ FILL IN THE GAPS WITH THE
RIGHT PHRASAL VERBS FROM THE LIST:
Stand for - fill in bring about - look up - get off apply for.
1. The father encouraged his son to another job.
2. The letters VIP .Very Important Person.
3. The new initiative tries to change in education.
E/ JOIN THE FOLLOWING
SENTENCES USING THE WORDS GIVEN:
1. Hamid did a great job. He was not offered a better position. (though)
2. Souad did not come to the show. She was sick. (because of)
3We were unable to get financial support. We had to abandon the project. (therefore)
F/ MATCH THE WORDS THAT GO TOGETHER TO MAKE APPROPRIATE
1: . 2 : .. 3: .
A lot of people in developing countries suffer from illiteracy. Write a short essay about the causes and consequences of this phenomenon and suggest some solutions (Approximately 250)
Here are some suggestions to help you :
§ Poverty/parents ignorance,
§ Lack of awareness to the importance of education.
§ Remote schools in rural areas,
§ Remote schools in rural areas,
§ Role of youth organisations, NGOs government, etc